Mar 2019 DIFFERENT TYPES OF CONCRETE STAIRS FOR THE GARDEN
Sephaku Cement shares insights into the various types of Concrete Staircases, how these are installed and where each are best employed. As we approach the first change of the season for the year, these indoor days present the ideal opportunity to spend winter months landscaping and renovating outdoor entertainment areas and gardens. Offering a cost effective and durable installation to outdoor areas and gardens, from pathways to concrete stairs, edging and outdoor flooring, cement based outdoor projects offer some of the most simple ways to beautify the exterior of your home.
Offering years of service, concrete in the garden and outdoor entertainment area, concrete steps can be strategically placed to achieve garden landscaping goals or to offer a more functional passage from interior to exterior areas of your home. Styled, stained and finished in a variety of designs, colours and textures, concrete garden stairways installed for function or for aesthetics can take on any natural or contemporary design desired.
Constructed using one of a few methods, concrete stairs are typically built on a wooden frame in the shape of the desired step ascent or decline. Using the wooden framework to mould the desired stairway, concrete is poured into the stairway mould and allowed to set and cure. Once fully cured, the concrete staircase can be placed into landscaped gardens, filled in with foundations and packed with soil.
An alternative method to installing concrete steps and stair cases is by sculpting gardens to fit concrete treads. Also known as flat steps, concrete treads are placed on landscaped ground where garden soil is shaped to fit the “steps” of concrete slabs. A more rudimentary and intermitted stairway option, this concrete staircase essentially resembles stepping stones that are placed at an incline (or decline) and not as a uniform, continuous flight of concrete steps.
A third alternative to installing concrete stairways, typically fitted more for function than for aesthetics, is the installation of a prefabricated staircase complete with a made to fit handrail. These stairway units are usually mass manufactured and assembled off site but can be made to measure depending on the service provider employed. These staircases can also be cast as a flat “runway” styled incline more ideally suited to wheelchairs and prams.(Where some sort of anti-slip material or pattern should be employed)
Both wood moulded, poured concrete steps as well as concrete slab steps can be further decaled and beautified with a variety of designs, stencils and stains to suit a specific theme or colour palette. Stamped and stained to resemble cobbles, stones, bricks and even wood. Further scored and sponged with pigment and stains to resemble a more authentic appearance, specialists have also been known to add rock salt to poured concrete to create a pitted and more natural texture that also acts as a non-slip solution for outdoor (and sometimes wet) surfaces.
Whether installing a DIY staircase moulded by a wooden frame or making use of concrete flat steps, make sure to use a higher strength concrete in the garden. Both hard wearing and load bearing outdoor concrete staircases will not only be exposed to harsh outdoor conditions, they will also see years’ worth of foot traffic and load bearing duties. Sephaku 42N is a general purpose blended cement, extremely versatile and suited to a wide range of concrete, mortar and screed applications. As a more serious strength cements its ideal to more specialised structural concrete applications, Sephaku 42 is the perfect Portland Blended Cement solution for your outdoor staircase project.